Eczema is a general term for a few different types of skin swelling. Known as “dermatitis” in the medical field, it can manifest as dry, itchy skin that result in rashes.
There is no known cause, but there are certain triggers of eczema:
Cold, dry climates.
Certain soaps, materials and lotions that irritate the skin.
Heat and sweat.
Eczema is most common in babies and children, but adults can suffer from it too. Genetics also play a role in how easily your skin may be irritated
Typically, eczema results in itchy, dry and red skin that can appear anywhere on the body. The most common areas for rashes to pop up are the face, inside of the elbows, behind the knees and on the hands and feet. In more extreme cases, excessive scratching of irritated skin can cause open sores to develop that may become infected. People with eczema are more likely to develop asthma, hay fever or other allergic reactions.
There are only a handful of ways to treat eczema, although the most effective method may be to just leave the rash alone. If you don’t continually scratch at the infected area you are more likely to not irritate it.
If itchy and red skin persists your dermatologist may recommend moisturizing creams or a corticosteroid cream that would help with inflammation of the affected area.
If you continually scratch at the affected area, then you may cause small cuts which could become infected. If the area becomes infected your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic.